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Current understanding of the pathways of flavonoid biosynthesis in model and crop plants

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dc.contributor.author Tohge, Takayuki en
dc.contributor.author de Souza, Leonardo Perez en
dc.contributor.author Fernie, Alisdair R. en
dc.date.accessioned 2021-06-09T04:53:17Z en
dc.date.available 2021-06-09T04:53:17Z en
dc.date.issued 2017-06-21 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10061/14294 en
dc.description.abstract Flavonoids are a signature class of secondary metabolites formed from a relatively simple collection of scaffolds. They are extensively decorated by chemical reactions including glycosylation, methylation, and acylation. They are present in a wide variety of fruits and vegetables and as such in Western populations it is estimated that 20–50 mg of flavonoids are consumed daily per person. In planta they have demonstrated to contribute to both flower color and UV protection. Their consumption has been suggested to presenta wide range of health benefits. Recent technical advances allowing affordable whole genome sequencing, as well as a better inventory of species-by-species chemical diversity, have greatly advanced our understanding as to how flavonoid biosynthesis pathways vary across species. In parallel, reverse genetics combined with detailed molecular phenotyping is currently allowing us to elucidate the functional importance of individual genes and metabolites and by this means to provide further mechanistic insight into their biological roles. Here we provide an inventory of current knowledge of pathways of flavonoid biosynthesis in both the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana and a range of crop species, including tomato, maize, rice, and bean. ja
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Oxford University Press en
dc.relation.isreplacedby https://academic.oup.com/jxb/article/68/15/4013/3883646 en
dc.rights © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com ja
dc.subject Anti-oxidant en
dc.subject Arabidopsis en
dc.subject crop species en
dc.subject flavonoids en
dc.subject human health en
dc.subject tomato en
dc.title Current understanding of the pathways of flavonoid biosynthesis in model and crop plants en
dc.type.nii Journal Article en
dc.contributor.transcription トウゲ, タカユキ ja
dc.contributor.alternative 峠, 隆之 ja
dc.textversion none en
dc.identifier.eissn 1460-2431 en
dc.identifier.jtitle Journal of Experimental Botany en
dc.identifier.volume 68 en
dc.identifier.issue 15 en
dc.identifier.spage 4013 en
dc.identifier.epage 4028 en
dc.relation.doi 10.1093/jxb/erx177 en
dc.identifier.NAIST-ID 74653593 en
dc.relation.pmid 28922752 en

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