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Pandemic programming: How COVID-19 affects software developers and how their organizations can help

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dc.contributor.author Ralph, Paul en
dc.contributor.author Baltes, Sebastian en
dc.contributor.author Adisaputri, Gianisa en
dc.contributor.author Torkar, Richard en
dc.contributor.author Kovalenko, Vladimir en
dc.contributor.author Kalinowski, Marcos en
dc.contributor.author Novielli, Nicole en
dc.contributor.author Yoo, Shin en
dc.contributor.author Devroey, Xavier en
dc.contributor.author Tan, Xin en
dc.contributor.author Zhou, Minghui en
dc.contributor.author Turhan, Burak en
dc.contributor.author Hoda, Rashina en
dc.contributor.author Hata, Hideaki en
dc.contributor.author Robles, Gregorio en
dc.contributor.author Fard, Amin Milani en
dc.contributor.author Alkadhi, Rana en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-30T09:54:14Z en
dc.date.available 2020-10-30T09:54:14Z en
dc.date.issued 2020-09-14 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10061/14135 en
dc.description.abstract Context As a novel coronavirus swept the world in early 2020, thousands of software developers began working from home. Many did so on short notice, under difficult and stressful conditions. Objective This study investigates the effects of the pandemic on developers’ wellbeing and productivity. Method A questionnaire survey was created mainly from existing, validated scales and translated into 12 languages. The data was analyzed using non-parametric inferential statistics and structural equation modeling. Results The questionnaire received 2225 usable responses from 53 countries. Factor analysis supported the validity of the scales and the structural model achieved a good fit (CFI = 0.961, RMSEA = 0.051, SRMR = 0.067). Confirmatory results include: (1) the pandemic has had a negative effect on developers’ wellbeing and productivity; (2) productivity and wellbeing are closely related; (3) disaster preparedness, fear related to the pandemic and home office ergonomics all affect wellbeing or productivity. Exploratory analysis suggests that: (1) women, parents and people with disabilities may be disproportionately affected; (2) different people need different kinds of support. ja
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Springer Nature en
dc.relation.isreplacedby https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10664-020-09875-y en
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2020 ja
dc.subject Software development en
dc.subject Work from home en
dc.subject Crisis management en
dc.subject Disaster management en
dc.subject Emergency management en
dc.subject Wellbeing en
dc.subject Productivity en
dc.subject COVID-19 en
dc.subject Pandemic en
dc.subject Questionnaire en
dc.subject Structural equation modeling en
dc.title Pandemic programming: How COVID-19 affects software developers and how their organizations can help en
dc.type.nii Journal Article en
dc.contributor.transcription ハタ, ヒデアキ ja
dc.contributor.alternative 畑, 秀明 ja
dc.textversion none en
dc.identifier.eissn 1573-7616 en
dc.identifier.jtitle Empirical Software Engineering en
dc.relation.doi 10.1007/s10664-020-09875-y en
dc.identifier.NAIST-ID 73299364 en


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