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Title: A tissue-conductive acoustic sensor applied in speech recognition for privacy
Authors: Panikos Heracleous
Yoshitaka Nakajima
Hiroshi Saruwatari
Kiyohiro Shikano
Issue Date: Oct-2005
Start page: 93
End page: 97
Abstract: In this paper, we present the Non-Audible Murmur (NAM) microphones focusing on their applications in automatic speech recognition. A NAM microphone is a special acoustic sensor attached behind the talker's ear and able to capture very quietly uttered speech (non-audible murmur) through body tissue. Previously, we reported experimental results for non-audible murmur recognition using a Stethoscope microphone in a clean environment. In this paper, we also present a more advanced NAM microphone, the so-called Silicon NAM microphone. Using a small amount of training data and adaptation approaches, we achieved a 93.9% word accuracy for a 20k vocabulary dictation task. Therefore, in situations when privacy in human-machine communication is preferable, NAM microphone can be very effectively applied for automatic recognition of speech inaudible to other listeners near the talker. Because of the nature of non-audible murmur (e.g., privacy) investigation of the behavior of NAM microphones in noisy environments is of high importance. To do this, we also conducted experiments in real and simulated noisy environments. Although, using simulated noisy data the NAM microphones show high robustness against noise, in real environments the recognition performance decreases markedly due to the effect of the Lombard reflex. In this paper, we also report experimental results showing the negative impact effect of the Lombard reflex on non-audible murmur recognition. In addition to a dictation task, we also report a keyword-spotting system based on non-audible murmur with very promising results.
Description: sOc-EUSAI 2005: the 2005 joint conference on Smart objects and ambient intelligence, October 12-14, 2005, Grenoble, France.
Text Version: Publisher
Publisher DOI: 10.1145/1107548.1107577
Appears in Collections:情報科学研究科 / Graduate School of Information Science

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